Russia National Tree: Siberian Larch

Do you know about Russia National Tree? Russia, being the largest country in the world, is home to various species of flora and fauna. With its vast territory, the country’s climate varies from Arctic in the north to subtropical in the south. One of the most notable trees that call Russia its home is the Siberian Larch, which has been declared as the Russia National Tree. In this article, we will delve into the details of the Siberian Larch and its significance to Russia’s natural heritage.

Russia National Tree: The Basics

Physical Description

The Siberian Larch, scientifically known as Larix sibirica, is a medium-sized deciduous tree that can grow up to 40 meters tall. It has a conical crown with a straight trunk, and its bark is dark brown and scaly. The leaves are needle-like and can range from light green to bluish-green. In autumn, the needles turn yellow and then drop off.

The Siberian Larch is a hardy tree that can survive in harsh climatic conditions. It is known for its ability to withstand freezing temperatures and grow in poor soil conditions.

Range and Habitat

The Siberian Larch is native to Russia and can be found in the vast taiga forests that cover most of Siberia. Its range also extends to other parts of northern Asia, including Mongolia and China.

The tree thrives in cold climates and can be found growing in areas with permafrost. It can also grow in a variety of soil types, including sandy, rocky, and clay soils.

Significance of Russia National Tree

Historical and Cultural Importance

The Siberian Larch has played an essential role in Russian culture and history for centuries. The tree has been used in construction, furniture making, and shipbuilding. In fact, it is said that the Siberian Larch was used to build the famous Russian warship, the Peter the Great.

The tree has also been used for medicinal purposes. In traditional Russian medicine, a tea made from the needles of the Siberian Larch is believed to have healing properties and is used to treat respiratory ailments.

Economic Value

The Siberian Larch has significant economic value in Russia. The tree is an important source of timber, and its wood is highly sought after for its strength and durability. The wood is used in construction, furniture making, and paper production.

The Siberian Larch also has value as a non-timber forest product. Its resin is used in the production of varnishes and as a natural adhesive.

Ecological Importance

The Siberian Larch plays a crucial role in the ecological balance of Russia’s taiga forests. It is an important component of the forest ecosystem and provides habitat for various animals, including birds and insects.

The tree also helps to prevent soil erosion and reduces the risk of forest fires. Its needles create a layer of mulch on the forest floor, which helps to retain moisture and nutrients in the soil.

Conservation Efforts for Russia National Tree

The Siberian Larch is not currently listed as an endangered species. However, like many other tree species, it faces threats from deforestation, climate change, and forest fires. To ensure the continued survival of the Siberian Larch, conservation efforts are being undertaken in Russia.

One of the ways in which the Siberian Larch is being conserved is through sustainable forestry practices. The Russian government has established regulations to ensure that timber harvesting is done in a responsible manner, with the aim of preserving the natural habitat of the tree.

There are also efforts to increase awareness of the importance of the Siberian Larch and its role in maintaining the ecological balance of Russia’s taiga forests. Education campaigns are being carried out to inform people about the benefits of the tree and the need to conserve it.

Growing Siberian Larch: A How-To Guide

If you are interested in growing Siberian Larch, here are some tips to get you started:

  • Choose a suitable location: Siberian Larch thrives in cold climates and can grow in a variety of soil types. It prefers well-drained soil and a location that receives plenty of sunlight.
  • Planting: Plant the tree in the spring or fall. Dig a hole that is twice as wide as the root ball of the tree and place it in the hole. Backfill the hole with soil and water the tree thoroughly.
  • Watering: Siberian Larch does not require a lot of water, but it is important to keep the soil moist during the first few years after planting.
  • Fertilizing: The tree does not require a lot of fertilizer, but you can add some compost or organic fertilizer to the soil around the base of the tree.
  • Pruning: Siberian Larch does not require much pruning, but you can remove any dead or damaged branches to keep the tree healthy.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Is the Siberian Larch the only tree species in Russia?

No, there are many other tree species that are native to Russia.

  • Can Siberian Larch grow in other parts of the world?

Yes, Siberian Larch can be grown in other parts of the world with similar climatic conditions, such as Canada and northern Europe.

  • What is the lifespan of a Siberian Larch tree?

Siberian Larch can live up to 400 years.

  • Is the Siberian Larch a good tree for landscaping?

Yes, Siberian Larch can be used in landscaping as it has a unique appearance and is a hardy tree.

  • Is the Siberian Larch a protected species in Russia?

The Siberian Larch is not currently listed as a protected species in Russia, but conservation efforts are being undertaken to ensure its continued survival.


The Siberian Larch is an important tree species in Russia, with significant cultural, economic, and ecological value. Its resilience in harsh climatic conditions makes it a symbol of strength and endurance. Conservation efforts are being undertaken to ensure that the tree continues to thrive in its natural habitat, and awareness campaigns are being carried out to increase public knowledge of its importance. With its unique beauty and hardiness, the Siberian Larch is a tree that truly represents Russia’s natural heritage.


  • “Larix sibirica.” The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T42351A2970685.
  • “Siberian Larch.” United States Department of Agriculture.
  • “Sustainable Forestry.” The Forest Code of the Russian Federation.

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