Cameroon National Bird: The Common Loon

Do you know about Cameroon National Bird? Cameroon, located in Central Africa, is home to a variety of unique flora and fauna. One of the most distinctive species found in Cameroon is the Common Loon, which also serves as the country’s national bird. This article will explore the characteristics and significance of this fascinating bird.

What is the Common Loon?

The Common Loon, also known as the Great Northern Diver, is a large waterbird found in northern parts of North America and Eurasia. It is a member of the loon family, Gaviidae, and is known for its distinctive call, which is often described as haunting.

Physical Characteristics of Cameroon National Bird

The Common Loon has a long, slender body with a wingspan of up to 1.4 meters. It has a black head and neck, a checkered black and white back, and a white belly. Its legs are set far back on its body, making it an excellent swimmer, but also hindering its ability to walk on land.

Habitat and Behavior

The Common Loon is a freshwater bird that breeds in northern regions during the summer months. It can be found in lakes, rivers, and other bodies of water with clear, clean water. During the winter months, the bird migrates to coastal areas, such as bays and estuaries.

The Common Loon is known for its impressive diving ability. It can stay underwater for up to three minutes and dive to depths of up to 60 meters. It uses its wings to propel itself underwater, where it preys on fish, crustaceans, and other aquatic animals.

Significance as Cameroon National Bird

The Common Loon was chosen as Cameroon’s national bird due to its unique characteristics and its symbolic importance. The bird’s haunting call represents the wild and untamed beauty of Cameroon’s natural environment. Additionally, the Common Loon’s tenacity and adaptability are seen as reflective of the Cameroonian spirit.

Threats and Conservation Efforts for Cameroon National Bird

The Common Loon is classified as a species of “Least Concern” by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). However, like many bird species, it faces a variety of threats, including habitat loss, pollution, and climate change.

In Cameroon specifically, the Common Loon is not considered endangered, but its habitat is threatened by deforestation, mining, and other human activities. To combat these threats, Cameroon has implemented several conservation efforts, including protected areas and habitat restoration projects.


The Common Loon is a fascinating bird that plays an important role in Cameroon’s cultural and ecological heritage. Its unique characteristics and adaptability make it an important symbol for the country, and its conservation is crucial for the preservation of Cameroon’s natural environment.


  • What other countries have the Common Loon as their national bird?

The Common Loon is also the national bird of Canada.

  • How long do Common Loons live?

Common Loons can live for up to 30 years in the wild.

  • Can Common Loons fly?

Yes, Common Loons are capable of flying, but they are primarily adapted for swimming and diving.

  • What is the significance of the Common Loon’s call?

The Common Loon’s call is seen as a symbol of the bird’s wild and untamed beauty, and is often associated with the natural environment of northern regions.

  • How can individuals help protect Common Loons and their habitats?

Individuals can support conservation efforts by reducing their use of single-use plastics, supporting organizations that work to protect wildlife and habitats, and reducing their carbon footprint through actions such as using public transportation and eating less meat.

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