Pakistan National Bird: Chukar Partridge

The fascinating creature Chukar Partridge found in Pakistan is named as the Pakistan National Bird. Pakistan is a country that is known for its rich history, culture, and diverse wildlife and this rare bird is just another proof of this claim. In this article, we will discuss the Chukar Partridge in detail, including its physical characteristics, habitat, behavior, and importance in Pakistani culture.

Overview of the Pakistan National Bird

The Chukar Partridge, also known as Alectoris Chukar, is a medium-sized bird that belongs to the Phasianidae family. It is mostly found in the rocky and mountainous regions of Central Asia, including Pakistan, India, Iran, and Afghanistan. It is a ground-dwelling bird that feeds on seeds, insects, and small reptiles.

Physical Characteristics

The Chukar Partridge is a beautiful bird that is easily recognizable due to its unique physical features. It has a plump body with short wings and a small head. The male Chukar Partridge has a grey-brown back, a white belly, and a black band across its forehead. It also has red legs and a red beak. On the other hand, the female Chukar Partridge has a duller appearance, with a grey-brown back, a white belly, and a buff-colored throat.


The Chukar Partridge is mostly found in the rocky and mountainous regions of Pakistan. It prefers dry and arid habitats, such as deserts, rocky slopes, and hillsides. It is also commonly found in the Karakoram and Himalayan ranges. These birds are well adapted to living in extreme weather conditions, including hot summers and cold winters.


The Chukar Partridge is a social bird that prefers to live in groups called coveys. These coveys can consist of up to 30 birds, with a dominant male leading the group. These birds are also known for their distinctive calls, which they use to communicate with each other. The Chukar Partridge is a ground-dwelling bird that prefers to walk or run instead of flying. However, it is an excellent flier and can fly at high speeds when necessary.

Importance in Pakistani Culture

The Chukar Partridge is an essential bird in Pakistani culture. It has been declared as the national bird of Pakistan due to its significant cultural and historical importance. The bird is considered a symbol of courage, perseverance, and freedom. It is also a popular game bird, and hunting Chukar Partridge is a traditional sport in Pakistan. Moreover, the bird’s meat is considered a delicacy in Pakistani cuisine, and it is often used in various dishes, such as Karahi and Biryani.

Conservation Status of the Pakistan National Bird

The Chukar Partridge is not currently listed as an endangered species. However, its population is declining due to habitat loss and hunting. The Pakistani government has taken several measures to protect this bird, such as banning hunting in certain areas and establishing protected areas where the bird can thrive. The government has also launched various conservation programs to raise awareness about the importance of protecting the Chukar Partridge and its habitat.


The Chukar Partridge is a fascinating bird that is an essential part of Pakistani culture and history. Its unique physical features, social behavior, and adaptability to extreme weather conditions make it a remarkable creature. The bird’s importance in Pakistani culture, cuisine, and sports make it a national treasure that must be protected and conserved for future generations to enjoy.


  • What is the size of the Chukar Partridge?

The Chukar Partridge is a medium-sized bird that can grow up to 33-36 cm (13-14 inches) in length.

  • Is the Chukar Partridge a migratory bird?

No, the Chukar Partridge is a non-migratory bird that is known to stay in the same habitat year-round.

  • What is the habitat of the Chukar Partridge?

The Chukar Partridge is mostly found in rocky and mountainous regions, such as deserts, slopes, and hillsides.

  • Is hunting the Chukar Partridge legal in Pakistan?

Hunting the Chukar Partridge is legal in Pakistan, but only in designated areas and during specific hunting seasons. The government has also implemented certain regulations to ensure that the bird is not over-hunted and its population is protected.


  • “Chukar Partridge,” The Cornell Lab of Ornithology,
  • “Chukar Partridge,” National Geographic,
  • “Chukar Partridge,” World Atlas,

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