Azerbaijan National Animal: The Karabakh Horse

Do you know about Azerbaijan National Animal? The Karabakh horse is a breed of horse that originated in the Nagorno-Karabakh region of Azerbaijan. The breed is known for its strength, agility, and endurance, making it a valuable asset for transportation, agriculture, and warfare. The Karabakh horse stands at around 14.2 to 15.2 hands (58 to 62 inches) tall and has a sturdy and muscular build. The breed typically has a chestnut or bay coat, although other colors are possible.

Significance of the Karabakh Horse as Azerbaijan National Animal

The Karabakh horse holds immense cultural and historical significance for the people of Azerbaijan. It has been featured in Azerbaijani literature, poetry, and art for centuries and is considered a symbol of the country’s cultural heritage. In 2019, the Karabakh horse was declared the national animal of Azerbaijan, highlighting its importance to the country’s identity and heritage.

Distribution and Conservation of the Azerbaijan National Animal

The Karabakh horse population has been declining for several decades due to overbreeding, crossbreeding, and a lack of proper conservation measures. The breed is currently classified as endangered by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). To address this issue, several organizations have been working to conserve and promote the breed, including the Azerbaijan Equestrian Federation, which was established in 2013 to help preserve the Karabakh horse and promote equestrian sports in the country.

Breeding and Training of the Karabakh Horse

Traditionally, Karabakh horses were bred and trained using traditional methods that have been passed down through generations. These methods involved allowing the horses to roam freely in the mountains and feeding them natural vegetation to help them develop strong bones and muscles. Modern breeding techniques have also been developed, including the use of artificial insemination to increase the population of the breed. In terms of training, traditional methods have been supplemented with modern techniques to produce highly trained Karabakh horses for sports and leisure activities.

Karabakh Horse in Sports and Leisure

The Karabakh horse has been a staple in Azerbaijani sports for centuries, with traditional horse racing being a popular activity among the people. Today, the breed is used in a variety of sports and leisure activities, including polo, endurance racing, and show jumping. The Azerbaijan Equestrian Federation organizes several events throughout the year, including the Karabakh Horse Festival, which celebrates the breed’s cultural and historical significance.


The Karabakh horse is a unique breed with a rich cultural heritage and history in Azerbaijan. Despite its declining population, efforts are being made to conserve and promote the breed, including through the Azerbaijan Equestrian Federation’s initiatives. The Karabakh horse is a symbol of the country’s identity and cultural heritage and is a valuable asset for equestrian sports and leisure activities.


“Karabakh Horse.” Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

“Karabakh Horse Festival.” Azerbaijan Equestrian Federation.

“The Karabakh Horse: Azerbaijan’s National Symbol.” The Culture Trip.

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