Argentina National Bird

The Rufous hornero (Furnarius rufus) is a fascinating bird species native to South America and holds the prestigious title of Argentina National Bird. Known for its unique nest-building abilities and reddish-brown plumage, the Rufous hornero has captivated ornithologists and bird enthusiasts alike. In this article, we’ll delve into the world of this remarkable bird and address some frequently asked questions.

Description and Distribution of Argentina National Bird

The Rufous hornero is a medium-sized bird, measuring approximately 18-20 cm in length and weighing around 40-60 grams. Its plumage is predominantly reddish-brown, with a lighter-colored throat and belly. The bird has a slightly curved bill, which is useful for catching insects and manipulating building materials for its nest.

The Rufous hornero is found throughout South America, with its range extending from Brazil and Bolivia to Uruguay, Paraguay, and, of course, Argentina. It inhabits a variety of habitats, including grasslands, savannas, and forest edges.

Nesting Behavior

One of the most striking features of the Rufous hornero is its ability to construct elaborate, oven-like nests. These nests are made from mud, grass, and other plant materials and are typically built on tree branches, fence posts, or other elevated structures. The nest’s chamber-like design helps regulate temperature and protect the eggs and hatchlings from predators and environmental factors.

Diet and Feeding Habits

The Rufous hornero is primarily an insectivore, feeding on a wide variety of insects such as beetles, ants, and grasshoppers. They forage on the ground, using their bills to dig and probe for insects hiding in the soil or leaf litter. Occasionally, they may also consume seeds and small fruits.

Social Behavior and Vocalizations of Argentina National Bird

Rufous horneros are monogamous birds, forming strong pair bonds that last for several breeding seasons. They are known for their complex vocalizations, which include melodious songs and harsh, chattering calls. These vocalizations play a crucial role in maintaining their pair bond, defending territory, and communicating with other individuals.


1. Why is the Rufous hornero Argentina’s national bird?

The Rufous hornero was declared Argentina’s national bird in 1928. Its unique nest-building abilities, widespread presence throughout the country, and symbolic representation of hard work and perseverance have made it a beloved symbol of Argentina.

2. How many eggs do Rufous horneros lay?

Rufous horneros typically lay 2-5 eggs per clutch. The eggs are white with reddish-brown speckles and are incubated by both parents for about 14-18 days.

3. Do Rufous hornero generally sedentary birds, they do not undertake long-distance migrations. However, they may make local movements in response changes in food availability or other environmental factors.

4. What predators do Rufous horneros face?

Rufous horneros face a variety of predators, including birds of prey, snakes, and mammals. Their sturdy, well-hidden nests provide protection, but they must still remain vigilant to protect their eggs and young.


The Rufous hornero is a captivating bird, known for its unique national bird, it serves as a symbol of hard work, perseverance, and the diverse wildlife found in this South American country.

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