Discovering Argentina National Animal

The Rufous hornero, also known as the Red Ovenbird, is a medium-sized bird species native to South America, including Argentina. This species has been declared the Argentina National Animal, representing the country’s unique biodiversity and cultural heritage. The scientific name for the Rufous hornero is Furnarius rufus, and it belongs to the family Furnariidae.

Physical Characteristics of Argentina National Animal

The Rufous hornero is a small bird, measuring about 17 to 20 cm in length and weighing around 30 to 45 g. It has a distinctive rufous-brown plumage with a paler underside and a slightly curved beak. The tail is long and pointed, while the wings are short and round. This species is well-adapted to its terrestrial lifestyle, with strong legs and feet for running and digging.

Habitat and Range

The Rufous hornero is found throughout South America, including Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay. It inhabits a variety of habitats, including grasslands, savannas, scrublands, and forests. This species is also known to thrive in urban areas, where it builds its unique nest structures.

Behavior and Diet

The Rufous hornero is a highly social species, often living in pairs or small groups. They are diurnal and spend most of their time on the ground, foraging for insects and other invertebrates. This species is also known for its unique nest-building behavior, constructing elaborate clay nests that resemble ovens. These nests provide protection from predators and maintain a stable temperature for the eggs and young.

Cultural Significance of Argentina National Animal

The Rufous hornero is deeply ingrained in the cultural heritage of Argentina, representing the country’s connection to the land and its traditional way of life. This species is often featured in Argentinean folklore and art, symbolizing perseverance, hard work, and resilience. It is also a popular subject in literature and music, with many famous writers and musicians referencing the Rufous hornero in their works.

Conservation Status of Argentina National Animal

Although the Rufous hornero is not currently considered endangered, its habitat is threatened by deforestation, urbanization, and agricultural practices. Conservation efforts are underway to protect this species and its unique nest structures. These efforts include habitat restoration, conservation education, and promoting sustainable land-use practices.


In conclusion, the Rufous hornero is an important bird species in South America, and specifically in Argentina, representing the country’s unique biodiversity and cultural heritage. Its physical characteristics, habitat, behavior, cultural significance, and conservation status make it a fascinating species to study and protect.


BirdLife International. 2021. Furnarius rufus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T103854525A185199441. Downloaded on 16 March 2023.

del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A., and de Juana, E. (eds.) 2020. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Olmos, F. and Reboreda, J.C. 2017. Rufous

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