The Beauty of Azerbaijani National Dress: Arkhalig

When it comes to the culture and heritage of Azerbaijan, the Azerbaijani National Dress is a significant aspect that reflects the country’s rich history and diversity. Arkhalig, one of the national dresses of Azerbaijan, has been worn by women for centuries and has evolved over time to represent various regions of the country. In this article, we will explore the beauty of Azerbaijani national dress, with a focus on Arkhalig. We will discuss its history, design, materials, and the role it plays in Azerbaijani culture.

History of Azerbaijan National Dress

The history of Azerbaijani national dress dates back to the ancient times when the country was located on the ancient Silk Road. Over the centuries, the dress has been influenced by the various cultures and civilizations that passed through Azerbaijan, including Persian, Ottoman, and Russian. Despite the foreign influence, Azerbaijani national dress has remained unique and distinct.

The origin of Arkhalig can be traced back to the northern regions of Azerbaijan, specifically the Guba and Gusar districts. It was worn by women who lived in the mountainous regions as a way to protect themselves from the harsh weather conditions. Over time, the dress became a symbol of cultural identity and was adopted by women in other parts of the country.

Design of Azerbaijani National Dress

Arkhalig is a long dress that falls to the ankles and is made of thick, warm fabric to protect against the cold. The dress is usually decorated with intricate embroidery and has long, flowing sleeves. The design of Arkhalig varies depending on the region and the occasion.

In the Guba and Gusar regions, the dress is typically made of red or dark blue velvet and is decorated with gold embroidery. The sleeves are wide and flowy, and the dress is often paired with a matching headscarf. In other regions of Azerbaijan, Arkhalig is made of different fabrics and colors, such as silk or cotton, and is decorated with unique embroidery patterns.

Materials Used in Azerbaijani National Dress

Traditionally, Arkhalig was made of natural materials such as wool, silk, and cotton. However, modern versions of the dress can be made of synthetic materials as well. The embroidery on the dress is typically done by hand, and the thread used is usually silk or cotton. Gold and silver threads are also used for special occasions and to add a touch of luxury to the dress.

Significance of Arkhalig in Azerbaijani Culture

Arkhalig is not just a piece of clothing; it represents the cultural identity and heritage of Azerbaijan. It is often worn on special occasions such as weddings, holidays, and festivals, and is a source of pride for Azerbaijani women. The dress has also been featured in various cultural events and exhibitions, both in Azerbaijan and around the world, to showcase the country’s rich history and traditions.

Arkhalig has also inspired modern fashion designers in Azerbaijan and beyond. Many designers have incorporated elements of the traditional dress into their designs, creating a unique fusion of the old and the new.


Q: What other national dresses are there in Azerbaijan?

A: Some of the other national dresses in Azerbaijan include Chokha, Kalaghai, and Shalvar.

Q: What occasions are Arkhalig worn for?

A: Arkhalig is typically worn for special occasions such as weddings, holidays, and festivals.

Q: How is Arkhalig different from other national dresses in Azerbaijan?

A: Arkhalig is unique in its design and is primarily worn by women in the northern regions of Azerbaijan. It is also distinguished by its thick, warm fabric, which is necessary to protect against the cold weather.

Q: What is the significance of the embroidery on Arkhalig?

A: The embroidery on Arkhalig is not just decorative; it often tells a story and reflects the region or occasion for which it was made. Different embroidery patterns may represent specific flowers, animals, or cultural symbols.

Q: Can Arkhalig be worn by anyone, or is it reserved for certain groups of people?

A: While Arkhalig is primarily worn by Azerbaijani women, it can be worn by anyone who appreciates its beauty and cultural significance.


Azerbaijani national dress, specifically Arkhalig, is a symbol of the country’s rich history and cultural identity. Its design, materials, and embroidery reflect the diversity of Azerbaijan and its people. Whether worn for special occasions or incorporated into modern fashion, Arkhalig continues to inspire and captivate people around the world.


  • Azerbaijan International Magazine, “The Story of Azerbaijani Textiles” (
  • Azerbaijan Travel, “National Dress and Clothing of Azerbaijan” (
  • Azerbaijan Tourism Board, “Azerbaijani National Dress: What to Wear in Azerbaijan” (

Leave a Comment