Exploring Belgium National Bird

Belgium National Bird, the kestrel (Falco tinnunculus), is a small, versatile bird of prey known for its exceptional hunting abilities and striking appearance. As an ornithologist, I am excited to share with you the fascinating aspects of this remarkable bird and answer some frequently asked questions.

Description and Distribution of Belgium National Bird

The kestrel is a member of the falcon family, measuring about 32-39 cm in length with a wingspan of 65-82 cm. Males have a slate-blue head and wings, while females and juveniles exhibit reddish-brown plumage. Both sexes have black-spotted underparts and a distinctive black “moustache” marking near the eyes.

Kestrels are found throughout Europe, Asia, and Africa, inhabiting a wide range of habitats, including forests, grasslands, and urban areas. In Belgium, they are commonly seen in open countryside, farmlands, and even city parks.

Diet and Hunting

Kestrels primarily feed on small mammals, such as voles and mice, as well as insects, small birds, and reptiles. They are known for their unique hunting technique called “hovering,” where they remain stationary in mid-air by rapidly flapping their wings, them to spot and swoop down on their prey with incredible precision.

Breeding and Nesting

Kestrel pairs are monogamous and usually breed between April and July. They do not build their own nests but instead use existing structures like tree cavities, ledges, or even man-made structures like nest boxes. Females lay 4-6 eggs, which both parents incubate for about 28 days. After hatching, the chicks are cared for by both parents and fledge at around 4 weeks of age.

Conservation Status of Belgium National Bird

The kestrel is classified as a species of “Least Concern” by the IUCN Red List. However, populations have experienced declines in some regions due to habitat loss, pesticide exposure, and reduced prey availability. Conservation efforts, such as providing nest boxes and preserving suitable habitats, are essential to ensure the survival of this captivating bird.


1. Why is the kestrel Belgium national bird?

The kestrel was chosen as Belgium’s national bird due to its widespread presence, cultural significance, and the appreciation of its unique hovering hunting technique.

2. How can I identify a kestrel in the wild?

Look for the kestrel’s distinctive hovering behavior, slate-blue head and wings in males, reddish-brown plumage in females and juveniles, and black “moustache” markings near the eyes.

3. What is the kestrel’s lifespan?

Kestrels have a relatively short lifespan, with an average of 3-5 years in the wild. However, some individuals may live up to 10-15 years in captivity.

4. Are kestrels aggressive towards humans?

Kestrels are generally not aggressive towards humans and are often seen in close proximity to human settlements. However, they may become defensive if their nest is threatened.

5. How can I help kestrel conservation efforts?

Supporting organizations that work to preserve habitats, providing nest boxes in suitable areas, and minimizing pesticide use can all contribute to kestrel conservation.


The kestrel is a fascinating and versatile bird of prey that has captured the admiration of Belgians and bird enthusiasts worldwide. By understanding and appreciating this remarkable species, we can ensure its continued presence in our skies and ecosystems

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