Dominica National Currency: The East Caribbean Dollar (XCD)

Let’s dive into intricacies of the Dominica National Currency. Dominica, often referred to as the “Nature Isle of the Caribbean” due to its lush landscapes and natural beauty, boasts a unique national currency known as the East Caribbean Dollar (XCD). This article aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the East Caribbean Dollar, encompassing its history, denominations, economic significance, and impact on daily life in Dominica.

A Brief History of the Dominica National Currency

The East Caribbean Dollar has a fascinating history dating back to the formation of the Eastern Caribbean Currency Authority (ECCA) in the 1960s. At its inception, this currency was pegged to the British Pound Sterling, reflecting Dominica’s colonial ties. However, in 1976, the ECCA wisely decided to peg the XCD to the United States Dollar (USD) at a fixed exchange rate of 2.70 XCD to 1 USD. This decision was pivotal in ensuring economic stability within the region and fostering international trade.

Denominations and Coins

The East Caribbean Dollar is issued in a range of denominations to facilitate everyday transactions. Coins are available in 1, 2, 5, 10, and 25 cents, while banknotes come in 5, 10, 20, 50, and 100 dollars. These denominations are not merely functional; they also showcase the nation’s vibrant culture, historical landmarks, and breathtaking scenery through their unique designs. Tourists and locals alike often marvel at the intricate artwork that adorns these banknotes.

Dominica National Currency: Economic Significance

Economic Stability

One of the primary roles of the East Caribbean Dollar is to maintain economic stability in Dominica and the broader Eastern Caribbean region. The fixed exchange rate to the USD provides a strong anchor for the local economy, shielding it from the volatility of international currency markets. This stability is particularly crucial for a small island nation like Dominica, heavily reliant on imports and exports.

Trade Facilitation

The East Caribbean Dollar simplifies trade within Dominica and the Eastern Caribbean. It serves as a common medium of exchange, streamlining transactions for businesses and consumers. The ease of trade enhances economic activities and promotes commerce within the region.

Tourism and Investment

Tourism is a major driver of Dominica’s economy, attracting nature enthusiasts, adventurers, and eco-tourists from around the world. The use of the East Caribbean Dollar makes it convenient for tourists to engage in transactions, from dining at local restaurants to purchasing souvenirs. Moreover, foreign investors find it advantageous to operate in an environment with a stable and predictable currency like the XCD.

FAQs About the Dominica National Currency

1. Is the East Caribbean Dollar accepted outside of Dominica?

While the XCD is primarily used in Dominica and the Eastern Caribbean region, some neighboring countries may accept it for specific transactions, particularly in tourist-oriented areas.

2. How is the exchange rate between the East Caribbean Dollar and the US Dollar determined?

The exchange rate has remained fixed at 2.70 XCD to 1 USD since 1976, offering a robust foundation for trade and investment.

3. Can I use US Dollars or other foreign currencies in Dominica?

Although some businesses in tourist zones may accept US Dollars, it is advisable to use the East Caribbean Dollar for local transactions to avoid unfavorable exchange rates.

4. Are counterfeit East Caribbean Dollars in circulation?

The Eastern Caribbean Central Bank has implemented advanced security features on banknotes to deter counterfeiting. To identify genuine currency, it is recommended to familiarize yourself with these security features.

5. How can I exchange my foreign currency for East Caribbean Dollars in Dominica?

Currency exchange services are readily available at banks, airports, and exchange bureaus across Dominica. Additionally, you can withdraw XCD from ATMs using your international debit or credit card.


The East Caribbean Dollar, as Dominica’s national currency, is more than just a medium of exchange; it’s a symbol of economic resilience and cultural identity. Its fixed exchange rate, rich history, and intricate designs on banknotes make it an integral part of daily life in Dominica. As the country continues to thrive and embrace its unique heritage, the East Caribbean Dollar remains a steadfast companion in its journey.


  • Eastern Caribbean Central Bank. (n.d.). About ECCB.
  • Eastern Caribbean Central Bank. (2021). ECCB Issues New Polymer Banknotes.
  • Investopedia. (2021). East Caribbean Dollar (XCD).
  • The World Factbook. (2021). Dominica. Central Intelligence Agency.

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