Côte d’Ivoire National Monument: The Basilica of Our Lady of Peace of Yamoussoukro

Let’s talk about Côte d’Ivoire National Monument. Côte d’Ivoire, a country known for its rich cultural heritage and stunning landmarks, is home to one of the most significant religious structures in the world, the Basilica of Our Lady of Peace of Yamoussoukro. This architectural marvel attracts thousands of visitors annually, drawn by its grandeur, history, and spiritual significance.

The Basilica of Our Lady of Peace of Yamoussoukro: A Brief Overview

The Basilica of Our Lady of Peace, also known as Basilique Notre-Dame de la Paix de Yamoussoukro, is a Roman Catholic basilica located in Yamoussoukro, the political capital of Côte d’Ivoire. It was commissioned by the country’s first President, Félix Houphouët-Boigny, and consecrated by Pope John Paul II in 1990.

Côte d’Ivoire National Monument: History and Construction

The Vision of President Félix Houphouët-Boigny

President Félix Houphouët-Boigny envisioned the construction of a grand basilica in Yamoussoukro, his hometown, as a symbol of peace and unity for the nation. Inspired by St. Peter’s Basilica in Vatican City, he embarked on this ambitious project, despite its tremendous scale and cost.

Architectural Design and Construction

The basilica’s architectural design was spearheaded by architect Pierre Fakhoury, and its construction began in 1985. The project involved skilled artisans, engineers, and craftsmen from various countries. The basilica’s unique blend of modern and traditional architectural elements makes it a true masterpiece.

Architectural Marvel: Côte d’Ivoire National Monument

Dimensions and Capacity

The Basilica of Our Lady of Peace is awe-inspiring in its dimensions. It stands 158 meters (518 feet) tall, making it the largest church in the world, surpassing St. Peter’s Basilica in height. The basilica’s impressive capacity can accommodate up to 18,000 worshippers at a time.

Dome and Exterior

The basilica features a magnificent dome, covered in 22-carat gold leaf, which gleams brilliantly in the sunlight. Its design incorporates elements of Roman and Byzantine architecture, adorned with intricate details that showcase the craftsmanship of the artisans involved.

Interior Decorations

Inside the basilica, visitors are greeted with an atmosphere of tranquility and splendor. The interior is lavishly decorated with stunning mosaics, colorful stained glass windows, and ornate sculptures, all depicting religious themes. The main altar is the centerpiece, exuding a sense of holiness and reverence.

Côte d’Ivoire National Monument: Significance and Cultural Importance

The Basilica of Our Lady of Peace holds immense cultural and spiritual significance for the people of Côte d’Ivoire. It serves as a testament to the country’s commitment to religious harmony and peaceful coexistence among its diverse population.

Côte d’Ivoire National Monument: Tourism and Visitors’ Experience

Tourist Attractions Nearby

Apart from the basilica, Yamoussoukro offers visitors a plethora of other attractions. The Presidential Palace, with its impressive architecture, is open to the public and provides insights into the country’s political history. The stunning man-made lake, Lac aux Caïmans, is also worth exploring.

Practical Information for Visitors

For tourists planning to visit the Basilica of Our Lady of Peace, it is advisable to check the opening hours and consider guided tours to fully appreciate its historical and architectural significance. Photography enthusiasts will find plenty of opportunities to capture the beauty of this iconic monument.

The Basilica in Popular Culture

Over the years, the Basilica of Our Lady of Peace has gained recognition in popular culture. It has been featured in various documentaries, films, and literature, solidifying its place as a symbol of Côte d’Ivoire’s cultural identity.

Conservation and Maintenance of Côte d’Ivoire National Monument

Preserving the grandeur and structural integrity of the basilica is of utmost importance. Regular maintenance and conservation efforts are undertaken to ensure that future generations can continue to marvel at this iconic structure.

Côte d’Ivoire National Monument: Controversies and Criticisms

While the Basilica of Our Lady of Peace is celebrated for its architectural magnificence, it has not been without controversies and criticisms. Some critics have raised concerns about the project’s cost and its allocation of resources in a developing nation.


  1. What is the height of the Basilica of Our Lady of Peace of Yamoussoukro?

The basilica stands 158 meters (518 feet) tall, making it the tallest church in the world.

  • How long did it take to construct the Basilica?

Construction of the basilica began in 1985 and was completed in 1990.

  • Are there any guided tours available for visitors?

Yes, guided tours are available for visitors who wish to explore the basilica and learn about its history and architecture.

  • Can visitors access the dome for panoramic views?

Unfortunately, access to the dome is restricted to the public.

  • Is photography allowed inside the Basilica?

Yes, photography is allowed inside the basilica, allowing visitors to capture its beauty and splendor.


In conclusion, the Basilica of Our Lady of Peace of Yamoussoukro stands as a remarkable testament to the architectural prowess and cultural significance of Côte d’Ivoire. Its grandeur and spiritual aura continue to captivate visitors from around the world, making it an essential destination for those seeking a deeper understanding of the nation’s heritage. As the basilica remains a symbol of peace and unity, it will undoubtedly continue to inspire generations to come.


  • “Basilica of Our Lady of Peace of Yamoussoukro.” Atlas Obscura.

URL: https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/basilica-of-our-lady-of-peace-of-yamoussoukro

  • “Basilica of Our Lady of Peace.” Sacred Destinations.

URL: https://www.sacred-destinations.com/ivory-coast/yamoussoukro-basilica-of-our-lady-of-peace

  • “Basilica of Our Lady of Peace of Yamoussoukro.” Emporis.

URL: https://www.emporis.com/buildings/181186/basilica-of-our-lady-of-peace-of-yamoussoukro-yamoussoukro-cote-divoire

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