Colombia National Flower: Cattleya Trianae Orchid

The vibrant and enchanting land of Colombia is home to a diverse array of flora and fauna, and among its many natural treasures lies Colombia National Flower, the Cattleya Trianae Orchid.

Colombia, located in the northwestern part of South America, is renowned for its rich biodiversity and stunning landscapes. The country boasts a unique blend of diverse ecosystems, ranging from the Amazon rainforest to the Andes Mountains. This biodiversity is reflected in Colombia’s national symbols, which represent the nation’s cultural heritage and natural beauty.

The Cattleya Trianae Orchid, also known as the Mayflower Orchid or Flor de Mayo, holds the esteemed position of being Colombia’s national flower. This stunning orchid species is native to the country and possesses a rich history and cultural significance.

History and Significance of Colombia National Flower

The Cattleya Trianae Orchid was named after the Colombian botanist José Jerónimo Triana, who played a crucial role in its discovery and documentation. This orchid species has been a cherished symbol in Colombian culture for centuries, with indigenous communities considering it a sacred flower representing fertility and beauty.

Physical Characteristics

The Cattleya Trianae Orchid showcases exquisite beauty with its large, showy flowers. Its petals range in color from vibrant shades of purple, pink, and magenta, often with delicate patterns and contrasting hues. The orchid’s fragrance is captivating, with a sweet and alluring scent that fills the air.

Habitat and Distribution

This remarkable orchid species is endemic to Colombia, predominantly found in the cloud forests of the Andean region. It thrives in the country’s unique climate, characterized by high humidity, cool temperatures, and regular rainfall. The Cattleya Trianae Orchid is well-adapted to the shade of the forest canopy, where it attaches itself to trees or rocks.

Cultivation and Conservation of Colombia National Flower

Due to its exquisite beauty and cultural significance, the Cattleya Trianae Orchid has gained popularity among orchid enthusiasts worldwide. However, its cultivation requires specific conditions and care. Various organizations and botanical gardens in Colombia are dedicated to preserving and conserving this national treasure, ensuring its survival for future generations.

Symbolism and Cultural Significance of Colombia National Flower

The Cattleya Trianae Orchid holds deep cultural symbolism in Colombia. It represents love, beauty, and charm, making it a popular choice for celebrations, festivals, and ornamental displays. The flower is often used in traditional ceremonies and events, adding a touch of elegance and grace to the surroundings.

Celebrations and Festivals

Colombia celebrates its national flower, the Cattleya Trianae Orchid, through vibrant festivals and events. One such celebration is the Festival de la Orquídea, held annually in the city of Medellin. This grand event showcases the country’s diverse orchid species, with the Cattleya Trianae Orchid taking center stage.

Economic Importance

Beyond its cultural and aesthetic value, the Cattleya Trianae Orchid contributes significantly to Colombia’s economy. The country exports these exquisite flowers worldwide, catering to the demands of the international flower market. The orchid trade creates employment opportunities and generates income for local communities.

Threats and Conservation Efforts for Colombia National Flower

Despite its popularity and cultural significance, the Cattleya Trianae Orchid faces various threats in its natural habitat. Deforestation, illegal harvesting, and climate change pose significant challenges to the conservation of this orchid species. Fortunately, several conservation initiatives and government regulations are in place to protect and preserve the orchid’s habitat.

Colombia National Flower: Interesting Facts

  • The Cattleya Trianae Orchid was officially declared Colombia’s national flower on May 23, 1936.
  • The orchid’s scientific name, Cattleya Trianae, honors William Cattley, an English horticulturist known for his work with orchids.
  • Colombia is home to approximately 4,270 orchid species, making it one of the world’s orchid biodiversity hotspots.


The Cattleya Trianae Orchid stands as a proud symbol of Colombia’s natural beauty, cultural heritage, and rich biodiversity. Its captivating colors, alluring fragrance, and cultural significance make it a cherished national flower. As we admire this exquisite orchid, let us also recognize the importance of preserving Colombia’s unique ecosystems and the delicate balance of its flora and fauna.


1. Is the Cattleya Trianae Orchid endemic to Colombia?

Yes, the Cattleya Trianae Orchid is native and endemic to Colombia.

2. What does the Cattleya Trianae Orchid symbolize?

The orchid symbolizes love, beauty, and charm in Colombian culture.

3. How is the Cattleya Trianae Orchid celebrated in Colombia?

Colombia celebrates its national flower through festivals and events, such as the Festival de la Orquídea in Medellin.

4. What threats does the Cattleya Trianae Orchid face?

The orchid faces threats such as deforestation, illegal harvesting, and climate change.

5. Are there conservation efforts in place for the Cattleya Trianae Orchid?

Yes, several conservation initiatives and government regulations aim to protect and preserve the orchid’s habitat.


  • “Colombia.” Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved from
  • “Colombia: Overview.” World Bank. Retrieved from
  • “National Symbols.” Colombia Travel. Retrieved from
  • “Colombia – Cattleya trianae.” Arkive. Retrieved from

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