Cambodia National Flower: Rumduol

Cambodia, a country rich in cultural heritage and natural beauty, holds Rumduol (Sphaerocoryne affinis) as the Cambodia National Flower. This article delves into the captivating world of Rumduol, exploring its origin, symbolism, cultivation, and its significance in Cambodian culture. Join us on this journey to discover the allure of Cambodia’s national flower.

National flowers represent the unique identity and essence of a country. They are symbols of pride, beauty, and cultural heritage. In the case of Cambodia, the Rumduol flower holds a special place as the country’s national flower. This article aims to shed light on the various aspects of Rumduol, encompassing its botanical features, cultural significance, traditional uses, and conservation efforts.

Exploring Cambodia National Flower – Rumduol

Origin and Cultural Importance

Rumduol, scientifically known as Sphaerocoryne affinis, is native to Cambodia and other parts of Southeast Asia. The flower’s enchanting fragrance and delicate beauty have captivated the hearts of Cambodians for centuries. Rumduol holds immense cultural importance and is deeply intertwined with Cambodian traditions, festivals, and celebrations.

Botanical Description

Rumduol is an evergreen shrub that belongs to the Apocynaceae family. Its botanical features include dark green leaves, waxy white petals, and a golden-yellow center. The flower’s fragrance is reminiscent of jasmine, emitting a sweet and soothing scent that fills the air. Rumduol blooms year-round, but its peak flowering season occurs during the warm and humid months.

Symbolism and Meaning

Rumduol carries profound symbolism in Cambodian culture. The flower represents purity, love, and devotion. Its mesmerizing fragrance is believed to bring good fortune and happiness. Rumduol is often associated with romance and is considered a symbol of true love. It is not uncommon to see the Rumduol flower adorning traditional Cambodian weddings and ceremonies.

Growing Rumduol: Ideal Conditions and Care Tips

Climate and Soil Requirements

Rumduol thrives in a tropical climate, making Cambodia’s climate an ideal fit. The flower requires a warm and humid environment to flourish. It prefers well-draining soil with a slightly acidic to neutral pH. Adequate sunlight and protection from strong winds are essential for the optimal growth of Rumduol.

Planting and Propagation Methods

Rumduol can be propagated through seeds or stem cuttings. The seeds should be planted in a well-prepared bed, and the seedlings should be transplanted once they reach a suitable size. Stem cuttings, on the other hand, should be taken from healthy plants and placed in a well-draining rooting medium until they develop roots.

Watering and Fertilization

Proper watering is crucial for the health of Rumduol plants. They require regular watering, especially during dry spells, but the soil should not be waterlogged. Applying a balanced fertilizer during the growing season helps promote healthy growth and abundant blooms.

Pruning and Maintenance

Pruning plays a vital role in maintaining the shape and vigor of Rumduol plants. Dead or damaged branches should be pruned to encourage new growth. Regular inspection for pests and diseases is necessary, and appropriate measures should be taken to protect the plants from any potential harm.

Cambodia National Flower in Traditional and Modern Uses

Floral Displays and Ornamentation

Rumduol’s beauty and fragrance make it a popular choice for floral arrangements and decorative displays. The flower’s delicate petals and pleasant scent enhance the ambiance of homes, temples, and various cultural events. Rumduol’s presence adds an aura of elegance and serenity to any space it adorns.

Perfumes and Fragrances

The intoxicating fragrance of Rumduol has caught the attention of perfumers worldwide. Extracts from the flower are used in the production of perfumes, essential oils, and scented candles. Rumduol’s scent is often described as captivating and uplifting, making it a sought-after ingredient in the fragrance industry.

Medicinal Applications

In traditional medicine, Rumduol is believed to possess various healing properties. Its extracts are used in remedies for relieving headaches, soothing skin irritations, and reducing inflammation. However, it is important to consult with healthcare professionals before using Rumduol for medicinal purposes.

Conservation Efforts and Protection of Cambodia National Flower

Threats to Rumduol’s Survival

Despite its cultural significance, Rumduol faces several threats to its survival. Deforestation, habitat loss, and illegal collection pose significant challenges to the flower’s existence in the wild. Climate change and urbanization further exacerbate these threats, making conservation efforts all the more crucial.

Conservation Initiatives

Efforts are underway to protect and conserve Rumduol. Organizations, both local and international, collaborate to raise awareness about the flower’s importance and promote sustainable practices. Conservation projects focus on preserving Rumduol’s natural habitats, implementing reforestation initiatives, and educating communities on the significance of protecting native flora.

Legal Protection and Regulations

Recognizing the need for conservation, the Cambodian government has implemented legal measures to safeguard Rumduol and other endangered species. Strict regulations are in place to prevent unauthorized collection and trade of Rumduol. These measures aim to deter illegal activities and preserve the country’s biodiversity.

Rumduol in Cambodian Culture and Festivals

Rumduol Festival

To celebrate the splendor of Rumduol, Cambodia hosts an annual Rumduol Festival. The festival showcases the beauty of the flower through floral displays, traditional dances, music performances, and cultural exhibitions. It is a vibrant celebration that brings together locals and tourists, fostering a deeper appreciation for Cambodia’s national flower.

Wedding Celebrations and Rituals

Rumduol holds great significance in Cambodian weddings and marriage ceremonies. The flower is often incorporated into bridal bouquets, hair accessories, and venue decorations. It symbolizes the purity and everlasting love between the couple, adding a touch of enchantment to the auspicious occasion.

Art and Literature Depicting Rumduol

Rumduol’s beauty has inspired artists and writers throughout Cambodian history. It is a recurring motif in traditional paintings, sculptures, and literature. The flower’s presence in artistic creations serves as a testament to its timeless appeal and cultural importance.

Cambodia National Flower as a Symbol of Cambodia’s Beauty

Rumduol’s status as Cambodia’s national flower reflects the country’s inherent beauty and charm. Its delicate blooms and captivating fragrance embody the essence of Cambodia’s natural wonders. Rumduol serves as a reminder of the nation’s rich cultural heritage and the need to preserve its diverse flora for future generations to cherish.


Rumduol, the national flower of Cambodia, is a true gem of the country’s floral heritage. From its cultural significance and enchanting fragrance to its traditional and modern uses, Rumduol continues to captivate hearts around the world. As efforts to conserve and protect this precious flower intensify, it is crucial for individuals and communities to recognize its importance and play an active role in preserving Cambodia’s natural treasures.


  1. Is Rumduol a rare flower?

Rumduol is not considered a rare flower, but its natural habitats are threatened, making conservation efforts necessary.

  • Can Rumduol be grown outside of Cambodia?

Rumduol can be grown in regions with similar tropical climates and suitable growing conditions.

  • Are there any legends associated with Rumduol?

While there are no specific legends directly associated with Rumduol, the flower holds cultural significance and is often featured in folklore and traditional stories.

  • How long does it take for Rumduol to bloom?

Rumduol typically blooms within its first year of growth, but the exact timing may vary depending on the plant’s conditions and care.

  • Can Rumduol be used in culinary preparations?

While Rumduol is not commonly used in culinary preparations, its fragrance is sometimes infused into teas and beverages for its aromatic qualities.


  • “Cambodia: National Symbols and National Flower.” Cambodian Information Center. Accessed May 29, 2023.
  • “Rumduol: The National Flower of Cambodia.” Exotic Flowers Guide. Accessed May 29, 2023.
  • “Sphaerocoryne affinis.” Flora of Cambodia. Accessed May 29, 2023.

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