Brunei National Festival: Hari Raya AidilFitri

Let’s talk about Brunei National Festival. Hari Raya AidilFitri, also known as Eid al-Fitr, is one of the most important festivals celebrated by Muslims around the world. This joyous occasion marks the end of the Islamic holy month of Ramadan and is a time of great celebration and thanksgiving. In Brunei, a Southeast Asian country renowned for its rich cultural heritage and strong Islamic traditions, Hari Raya AidilFitri holds special significance.

Significance and History of Brunei National Festival

Hari Raya AidilFitri is a time for Muslims to express gratitude to Allah for the strength and perseverance shown during the month of Ramadan. It is a celebration of successfully completing the month-long fasting period, where Muslims abstain from food and drink from dawn to sunset. The festival also emphasizes the importance of charity, forgiveness, and strengthening bonds within the community.

Preparations and Traditions of Brunei National Festival

Days before Hari Raya AidilFitri, households in Brunei bustle with preparations. Families engage in thorough spring cleaning, decorating their homes with vibrant lights and beautiful ornaments. Traditional delicacies like kuih-muih, ketupat, and rendang are lovingly prepared. Bazaars come alive, offering an array of festive goods and local delicacies.

Festive Food and Delicacies

Food plays a central role in Hari Raya AidilFitri celebrations. Bruneians eagerly anticipate the scrumptious spread of traditional dishes that await them. Rendang, a slow-cooked meat dish in rich coconut gravy, is a perennial favorite. Other delicacies include lemang (glutinous rice cooked in bamboo), serunding (spiced meat floss), and various types of kuih (traditional cakes and pastries).

Special Clothing and Traditional Attire

Hari Raya AidilFitri is a time when Bruneians dress in their finest traditional attire. Men don the Baju Melayu, a loose-fitting tunic, paired with the Sampin, a traditional sarong. Women wear the Baju Kurung, a loose-fitting blouse and skirt ensemble, complemented by the Tudong (headscarf). These traditional garments add a touch of elegance and reflect Brunei’s cultural heritage.

Visiting and Greetings

During Hari Raya AidilFitri, Bruneians engage in the age-old tradition of “open house,” where family, friends, and even strangers are warmly welcomed into their homes. People make an effort to visit relatives, friends, and neighbors to exchange greetings and seek forgiveness. The traditional salutation “Selamat Hari Raya” fills the air, accompanied by warm hugs and handshakes.

Open Houses and Hospitality

Brunei is renowned for its hospitality during Hari Raya AidilFitri. Open houses are organized by individuals and government institutions, allowing visitors to experience Bruneian culture and customs. Guests are treated to a delectable feast of traditional delicacies, and the spirit of togetherness prevails as people from all walks of life come together to celebrate.

Mosque Visits and Prayers

Mosques play a significant role during Hari Raya AidilFitri. Muslims gather at the Sultan Omar ‘Ali Saifuddien Mosque in the capital city, Bandar Seri Begawan, to perform special congregational prayers. This act of worship symbolizes unity, gratitude, and the renewal of faith. The mosques’ grandeur and serene ambiance create a spiritually uplifting experience for worshippers.

Cultural Performances and Events on Brunei National Festival

Brunei comes alive with vibrant cultural performances and events during Hari Raya AidilFitri. Traditional music, dance, and theatrical performances showcase the country’s cultural diversity. The main cultural event is the “Selamat Hari Raya Concert,” where local artists entertain the audience with traditional and contemporary performances, fostering a sense of national pride.

Exchange of Gifts and Tokens

The exchange of gifts and tokens is a common practice during Hari Raya AidilFitri. Known as “Duit Raya,” it is customary for elders to give monetary gifts to children. This tradition fosters generosity, strengthens familial bonds, and instills a sense of joy in the younger generation. The act of giving also extends to friends and relatives as a gesture of goodwill and appreciation.

Festive Decorations and Illuminations

Brunei is adorned with decorative lights and colorful ornaments during Hari Raya AidilFitri. Homes, public spaces, and commercial areas are beautifully lit, creating a festive atmosphere. Intricately designed lanterns, locally known as “pelita,” illuminate the streets, symbolizing the triumph of light over darkness and spreading joy throughout the community.

Hari Raya AidilFitri in Brunei

In Brunei, Hari Raya AidilFitri is a national holiday, and the celebrations continue for several days. Families come together to share meals, exchange gifts, and strengthen their bond. The royal family also participates in public events, visiting hospitals and hosting open houses, further exemplifying the unity and inclusivity of the festival.

Tourism and Economic Impact

Hari Raya AidilFitri attracts tourists from all over the world to Brunei, providing a boost to the country’s tourism industry. Visitors immerse themselves in the festive atmosphere, witness cultural performances, and savor traditional cuisine. The influx of tourists also positively impacts the local economy through increased spending on accommodations, transportation, and souvenirs.

Challenges and Adaptations of Brunei National Festival in Modern Times

In the modern era, Hari Raya AidilFitri celebrations in Brunei face challenges due to changing lifestyles and societal dynamics. The influx of technology, social media, and globalization has influenced the way people celebrate the festival. Nevertheless, Bruneians adapt by incorporating new elements while still preserving the essence of their cultural traditions.


Hari Raya AidilFitri is a cherished festival in Brunei, embodying the spirit of gratitude, unity, and generosity. It is a time when families, friends, and communities come together to celebrate, reflect, and strengthen their bonds. The rich cultural heritage and warm hospitality of Bruneians make Hari Raya AidilFitri a truly memorable experience for both locals and visitors.


1. What is Hari Raya AidilFitri?

Hari Raya AidilFitri, also known as Eid al-Fitr, is a significant festival celebrated by Muslims worldwide. It marks the end of the holy month of Ramadan, a period of fasting and reflection.

2. How long does Hari Raya AidilFitri last?

Hari Raya AidilFitri celebrations in Brunei typically last for three days, but the festive spirit can extend beyond that.

3. What are some traditional delicacies enjoyed during Hari Raya AidilFitri?

Popular traditional delicacies during Hari Raya AidilFitri include rendang, lemang, serunding, and various types of kuih (cakes and pastries).

4. Are non-Muslims allowed to participate in Hari Raya AidilFitri celebrations?

Yes, non-Muslims are welcome to join in the Hari Raya AidilFitri celebrations in Brunei. The festival promotes inclusivity and harmony.

5. How can tourists experience Hari Raya AidilFitri in Brunei?

Tourists can experience Hari Raya AidilFitri in Brunei by visiting local open houses, attending cultural events, and immersing themselves in the festive atmosphere.


  • Azlan, A. A. (2020). Social Aspects and the Celebration of Hari Raya Aidilfitri: A Study on Muslims in Brunei Darussalam. Journal of Contemporary Islamic Studies, 6(2), 1-14.
  • Brunei Tourism Board. (n.d.). Festivals and Celebrations. Retrieved from
  • Ministry of Culture, Youth and Sports, Brunei Darussalam. (2019). Festivals and Traditions in Brunei Darussalam. Retrieved from

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