Brazil National Sport: Capoeira

Brazil is a country with a rich culture and a deep history. It is home to one of the most unique and fascinating Brazil National Sport – Capoeira. This martial art, dance, and acrobatic form has become the national sport of Brazil, attracting both locals and tourists alike. In this article, we will dive into the origins, techniques, and benefits of Capoeira, as well as its impact on Brazilian culture and society.

Capoeira is an Afro-Brazilian martial art that combines elements of dance, acrobatics, and music. It originated in the 16th century during the slave trade era in Brazil, when enslaved Africans developed a way to practice self-defense while disguising it as a dance. Capoeira was originally illegal, and practitioners would often hide their activities from slave owners and authorities by holding their gatherings in remote locations.

The Techniques of Brazil National Sport

Capoeira is a unique martial art that involves both defensive and offensive techniques. The main focus of Capoeira is to use quick and fluid movements to avoid attacks, rather than relying solely on blocking and striking. It involves a lot of acrobatics, such as cartwheels, flips, and kicks, as well as close-range fighting techniques like grappling and sweeps.

Capoeira is typically practiced in a circle called a “roda.” Two practitioners take turns playing both offensive and defensive roles while other participants form a circle around them and play music. The movements of Capoeira are fluid, graceful, and require a lot of coordination and balance.

The Music of Capoeira

One of the defining features of Capoeira is its use of music. The music is played on traditional instruments such as the berimbau, pandeiro, and atabaque, and is essential to the practice of Capoeira. The music sets the pace and rhythm for the movements, and the songs are often used to communicate with other practitioners during a Capoeira game or “roda.”

The songs in Capoeira are typically sung in Portuguese and are often about the history and culture of Brazil. The lyrics are often poetic and use metaphors and other literary devices to convey meaning. The music of Capoeira is an important part of the practice and helps to create a sense of community and shared culture among practitioners.

The Benefits of Capoeira: Brazil National Sport

Capoeira is a physically demanding sport that offers numerous benefits to its practitioners. It improves strength, flexibility, coordination, and balance. It is also a great cardiovascular workout that can help to improve overall fitness. Capoeira is also a social activity that fosters a sense of community and belonging among practitioners.

The acrobatics of Capoeira can also be useful in other areas of life, such as in dance, gymnastics, or even in everyday activities that require balance and coordination. Capoeira can be practiced by people of all ages and fitness levels, making it a versatile and accessible sport.

Capoeira in Brazilian Culture and Society

Capoeira has had a significant impact on Brazilian culture and society. It has become a symbol of resistance and identity for Afro-Brazilians, who have faced centuries of discrimination and marginalization. Capoeira was initially developed as a way for enslaved Africans to practice self-defense, and it has since become a powerful expression of Afro-Brazilian culture.

Capoeira has also become an important part of Brazil’s national identity, and is celebrated and promoted by the Brazilian government as a cultural treasure. It is often featured in cultural events, festivals, and other celebrations of Brazilian culture.


  • Is Capoeira safe to practice?

Capoeira can be a safe sport to practice when taught by a qualified instructor and practiced with proper safety precautions. However, like any physical activity, there is always a risk of injury. It is important to listen to your body and communicate with your instructor if you are experiencing any discomfort or pain.

  • Can Capoeira be competitive?

While Capoeira is not traditionally considered a competitive sport, there are some forms of Capoeira that include a competitive element. In these forms, practitioners compete against each other in a tournament-style setting. However, the focus of Capoeira remains on the community and cultural aspects rather than winning or losing.

  • Do I need to have musical talent to practice Capoeira?

While music is an important part of Capoeira, you do not need to have musical talent to practice the sport. It is more important to have a sense of rhythm and to be able to move in time with the music. Many Capoeira groups offer classes in music as well as movement, so you can learn both at the same time.

  • Can I practice Capoeira outside of Brazil?

Yes, Capoeira has spread around the world and can be practiced in many countries. There are Capoeira groups and instructors in many cities around the world, making it accessible to people who are interested in learning the sport.


  • The website of the Brazilian government’s Ministry of Culture provides a brief history of Capoeira and its cultural significance in Brazil:
  • The book “Capoeira: The History of an Afro-Brazilian Martial Art” by Matthias Röhrig Assunção provides a detailed history of Capoeira and its evolution over time.
  • The website of the International Capoeira Angola Foundation (ICAF) provides information on the practice of Capoeira Angola and its cultural context:

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