Belgium National Forest: Exploring the Wonders of the Sonian Forest

Let’s talk about Belgium National Forest. Belgium is a small yet diverse country in Western Europe, renowned for its medieval architecture, chocolates, beer, and, of course, its pristine natural beauty. Among the many natural wonders that Belgium has to offer, the Sonian Forest stands out as one of the most enchanting and awe-inspiring landscapes in the country. In this article, we will explore the Sonian Forest in detail, its history, features, and ecological significance, and how to enjoy this natural wonder in a responsible and sustainable way.

The Sonian Forest is a vast and ancient woodland that covers over 4,421 hectares of land in the heart of Belgium, between the cities of Brussels, Tervuren, and Hoeilaart. It is one of the largest and most accessible forests in Belgium, and it has been a source of inspiration and wonder for centuries, attracting hikers, cyclists, nature lovers, and history buffs alike.

The Sonian Forest is not only a natural wonder but also a cultural and historical landmark that has shaped the identity and traditions of the region for thousands of years. It is home to numerous historical sites, such as the ruins of the Abbey of Rouge-Cloître, the ancient Chapel of St Anne, and the Royal Museum for Central Africa. It is also a sanctuary for wildlife, hosting over 400 species of plants, 200 species of birds, and 21 species of mammals.

Location and History of Belgium National Forest

The Sonian Forest has a rich and diverse history that spans over 8,000 years. It was originally part of the ancient Silva Carbonaria, a vast forest that covered most of Northern Europe during the Roman Empire. In the Middle Ages, the forest was a hunting ground for the nobility and a source of timber and fuel for the local communities. In the 18th and 19th centuries, the forest was transformed into a landscaped park, with grand avenues, ponds, and follies.

During World War I, the forest was heavily damaged by artillery fire, and many of its ancient trees were lost. However, in the 20th century, the forest was restored and expanded, and it became a protected nature reserve in 1959, thanks to the efforts of conservationists and ecologists.

Ecology and Biodiversity

The Sonian Forest is a unique and diverse ecosystem that supports a wide range of flora and fauna. It is home to several types of forests, including beech, oak, and hornbeam forests, as well as wetlands, heaths, and grasslands. The forest also hosts many rare and endangered species, such as the European badger, the red squirrel, and the lesser spotted woodpecker.

One of the most remarkable features of the Sonian Forest is its mushroom diversity. Over 800 species of mushrooms have been recorded in the forest, making it one of the richest mushroom habitats in Europe. The forest is also famous for its bluebells, which carpet the forest floor in spring, creating a breathtaking and fragrant spectacle.

Recreation and Tourism in Belgium National Forest

The Sonian Forest offers a wealth of recreational and tourist activities for visitors of all ages and interests. Whether you enjoy hiking, cycling, horseback riding, picnicking, or birdwatching, the forest has something for everyone. There are numerous trails and paths that crisscross the forest, offering stunning views of the landscape and the wildlife. The forest also hosts several events and festivals throughout the year, such as the Sonian Forest Run, the Sonian Forest Fair, and the Brussels Wildlife Film Festival.

If you prefer a more cultural and historical experience, the forest has plenty to offer as well. You can explore the ruins of the ancient Abbey of Rouge-Cloître, which date back to the 14th century and were home to a community of Cistercian nuns. You can also visit the Chapel of St Anne, a beautiful and serene chapel that was built in the 16th century and features stunning stained glass windows and a wooden altar. And if you are interested in the colonial history of Belgium, you can visit the Royal Museum for Central Africa, which is located in the heart of the forest and houses a vast collection of artifacts and specimens from Africa.

Sustainable Practices

The Sonian Forest is a precious and fragile ecosystem that requires careful management and protection. To ensure the sustainability and health of the forest, it is essential to follow some basic rules and practices when visiting the forest. Here are some tips to help you enjoy and protect the forest:

  • Stay on designated trails and paths to avoid damaging the fragile vegetation and habitats.
  • Do not disturb or feed the wildlife, and respect their space and privacy.
  • Do not pick or remove any plants or mushrooms from the forest, as they play a vital role in the ecosystem.
  • Dispose of your trash and waste properly, and do not leave any litter in the forest.
  • Use public transportation or carpooling to reduce your carbon footprint and congestion in the forest.
  • Learn about the history and ecology of the forest and spread awareness about its importance and value.

By following these simple practices, you can help preserve and promote the Sonian Forest for future generations and ensure its continued beauty and diversity.


The Sonian Forest is a national treasure and a source of wonder and inspiration for all who visit it. Its rich history, diverse ecology, and stunning beauty make it a must-see destination for anyone visiting Belgium. Whether you come to hike, bike, birdwatch, or simply enjoy the peacefulness and serenity of the forest, you will be enchanted by its many wonders and surprises. So come and explore the Sonian Forest, and discover the magic and beauty of this ancient and timeless landscape.


  • Is the Sonian Forest free to visit?

Yes, the Sonian Forest is open to the public and free to visit. However, some attractions, such as the Royal Museum for Central Africa, may charge an admission fee.

  • What is the best time to visit the Sonian Forest?

The Sonian Forest is beautiful year-round, but the best time to visit is in the spring, when the bluebells are in bloom, or in the fall, when the leaves turn golden and red.

  • Can I camp in the Sonian Forest?

No, camping is not allowed in the Sonian Forest, as it is a protected nature reserve.

  • Are dogs allowed in the Sonian Forest?

Yes, dogs are allowed in the Sonian Forest, but they must be kept on a leash and under control at all times. Owners are also responsible for cleaning up after their dogs.

  • Is the Sonian Forest wheelchair accessible?

Some parts of the Sonian Forest are wheelchair accessible, but many of the trails and paths are not suitable for wheelchairs. It is best to check with the local authorities before planning a visit.


  • “Sonian Forest.” Visit Brussels.
  • “Sonian Forest.” Visit Flanders.
  • “The Sonian Forest: A Biodiversity Hotspot Threatened by Climate Change.” Brussels Times.

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