Belarus National Flower: A Symbol of Beauty and Resilience

Belarus, a landlocked country in Eastern Europe, is known for its rich cultural heritage and stunning natural landscapes. One of the most beautiful aspects of culture is the Belarus National Flower, the common flax. In this article, we will explore the history, symbolism, and significance of this iconic flower.

Belarus is a country of diverse and rich flora, and the common flax is one of its most treasured natural assets. This beautiful flower has been woven into the fabric of Belarusian culture for centuries, serving as a symbol of beauty, strength, and resilience. In this article, we will take a closer look at the common flax and its importance to Belarusian culture.

What is the Common Flax?

The common flax, also known as Linum usitatissimum, is a flowering plant that is native to the eastern Mediterranean region. It is an annual plant that grows up to 1 meter tall and has blue or white flowers that bloom in the summer. The plant is known for its slender stem and narrow, pointed leaves. It is primarily grown for its fiber, which is used to make linen fabric, but it is also used for its oil and seeds.

History of the Belarus National Flower

The common flax has a long and fascinating history in Belarus. The plant has been cultivated in the region since ancient times, and linen fabric made from flax fibers has been found in archaeological sites dating back to the 10th century. In the 16th and 17th centuries, flax production became a major industry in Belarus, and the country became known for its high-quality linen fabric.

Symbolism of the Belarus National Flower

The common flax is a symbol of beauty, strength, and resilience in Belarusian culture. Its delicate blue flowers are a reminder of the fleeting nature of life, while its strong stem represents the strength and resilience of the Belarusian people. The plant’s ability to thrive in harsh conditions, such as poor soil and extreme temperatures, is seen as a metaphor for the resilience and perseverance of the Belarusian people.

Significance of the Common Flax in Belarusian Culture

The common flax is deeply embedded in Belarusian culture, and it has played an important role in the country’s history and traditions. For centuries, flax production was a major industry in Belarus, and linen fabric made from flax fibers was a staple of everyday life. Today, the common flax is still an important part of Belarusian culture, and it is celebrated in festivals, art, and literature.

How to Grow and Care for Common Flax

If you are interested in growing your own common flax, there are a few things to keep in mind. The plant prefers well-drained soil and full sun, and it should be watered regularly. Flax seeds should be sown in the spring, and the plant should be harvested in the summer when the flowers have bloomed. Flax fibers can be extracted from the stems by a process known as retting, which involves soaking the stems in water to break down the plant material.

Common Flax in Belarusian Art and Literature

Belarusian art and literature have been deeply influenced by the common flax. In traditional Belarusian folk art, the flower is often depicted in intricate embroidery and woven into beautiful tapestries. The country’s rich literary tradition is also full of references to the common flax, with many poets and writers drawing inspiration from its beauty and symbolism.


The common flax is much more than just a flower in Belarusian culture; it is a symbol of resilience, strength, and beauty. Its rich history and cultural significance have made it an important part of the country’s national identity, and it continues to be celebrated in festivals, art, and literature. Whether you are interested in gardening, history, or culture, the common flax is a fascinating and beautiful subject to explore.


  • What is the scientific name of the common flax?

The scientific name of the common flax is Linum usitatissimum.

  • What is the common use of flax fiber?

Flax fiber is primarily used to make linen fabric.

  • Is flax still an important industry in Belarus today?

While flax production has declined in recent years, it is still an important industry in Belarus.

  • What festivals in Belarus celebrate the common flax?

The Kupalinka Festival and the Linen Festival are two festivals in Belarus that celebrate the common flax.

  • What is retting?

Retting is the process of soaking flax stems in water to break down the plant material and extract the fibers.


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  • University of California Agriculture & Natural Resources. (2021). Growing flax for seed and fiber. Retrieved from

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