Bahrain National Library: A Treasure Trove of Knowledge and Culture

The Shaikh Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa National Library, popularly known as the Bahrain National Library, is one of the most prominent cultural institutions in Bahrain and the Gulf region. Established in 1933, the library has undergone several transformations and expansions over the years and currently houses a vast collection of printed and digital resources, artifacts, and manuscripts, catering to the diverse needs of researchers, students, and the general public.

Historical Background of the Bahrain National Library

The Bahrain National Library traces its origins to the early 20th century when the British Government established a small library in Manama to serve the educational and research needs of the local community. In 1933, the library was officially inaugurated by Shaikh Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, the then ruler of Bahrain, and was named after his father, Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa.

Over the years, the library has grown in size and stature, and in 2006, a new building was constructed to house the expanding collection of resources and services. The library building, located in the heart of Manama, is a modern architectural marvel that blends traditional and contemporary design elements, making it a popular tourist attraction as well.

Features and Collections of the Bahrain National Library

The Bahrain National Library is home to a rich and diverse collection of resources that cater to the educational, research, and cultural needs of the community. The library’s collections are organized into several categories, including printed materials, digital resources, manuscripts, and artifacts.

The printed collections of the library are vast and cover a wide range of subjects, including history, literature, religion, politics, and social sciences. The library also subscribes to several academic journals and magazines, making it a valuable resource for researchers and scholars.

The digital resources of the library are equally impressive, with access to several online databases, e-books, and audio-visual materials. The library also provides free access to several online educational resources, making it a popular destination for students and learners of all ages.

The library’s collection of manuscripts and artifacts is a unique feature that sets it apart from other libraries in the region. The collection includes rare and precious Islamic manuscripts, old maps, coins, and other cultural artifacts that provide valuable insights into the rich history and culture of Bahrain.

Services Provided by the Bahrain National Library

The Bahrain National Library provides a wide range of services and programs to its members and the community. These include:

Membership and Access

The library offers free membership to Bahraini citizens and residents, as well as to visitors from other countries. Members have access to all the resources and services of the library, including borrowing privileges, reference services, and online access.

Research Assistance

The library provides expert research assistance to its members and visitors, helping them to access and navigate the vast collection of resources. The library staff is knowledgeable and experienced in various subject areas, and they can assist researchers in locating and retrieving the information they need.

Educational Programs

The library offers a wide range of educational programs and activities, including workshops, seminars, and lectures, that cater to different age groups and interests. These programs aim to promote literacy, lifelong learning, and cultural awareness, and are usually offered free of charge.

Community Engagement

The Bahrain National Library is actively engaged with the local community, partnering with schools, universities, and other organizations to promote education and culture. The library also hosts several community events and exhibitions, showcasing the rich history and culture of Bahrain and the Gulf region.

Impact and Contributions of the Bahrain National Library

The Bahrain National Library has made significant contributions to the cultural, educational, and social development of Bahrain and the Gulf region. Some of the key impacts and contributions include:

Promoting Literacy and Education

The library has played a vital role in promoting literacy and education in Bahrain, providing free access to books, digital resources, and educational programs to thousands of members and visitors each year. The library’s outreach programs have also helped to promote reading and learning among children and youth, contributing to their academic and personal development.

Preserving Cultural Heritage

The library’s collection of manuscripts, artifacts, and other cultural materials provides valuable insights into the rich history and culture of Bahrain and the Gulf region. The library has taken several initiatives to preserve and promote this cultural heritage, including digitization and conservation projects, exhibitions, and educational programs.

Promoting Research and Innovation

The library’s extensive collection of resources and expert research assistance has facilitated research and innovation in various fields, including history, literature, religion, politics, and social sciences. The library has also partnered with academic and research institutions to support cutting-edge research and innovation in different fields.

Supporting Social and Economic Development

The library’s programs and services have contributed to the social and economic development of Bahrain and the Gulf region, providing valuable resources and opportunities for personal and professional growth. The library has also helped to promote entrepreneurship and innovation, supporting the growth of small businesses and startups.

Challenges and Future Prospects of the Bahrain National Library

Despite its many achievements, the Bahrain National Library faces several challenges and opportunities in the years ahead. These include:

Financial Sustainability

The library’s financial sustainability is a key concern, given the increasing costs of maintaining and expanding its collections and services. The library relies on government funding and donations, and there is a need for more sustainable sources of revenue to support its long-term growth and development.

Technological Advancements

The rapid pace of technological change presents both opportunities and challenges for the library. The library needs to keep pace with these advancements, ensuring that its digital resources and services remain relevant and accessible to the community. This requires ongoing investment in technology and infrastructure, as well as staff training and development.

Human Resource Development

The library’s staff is its most valuable asset, and there is a need for ongoing training and development to ensure that they can meet the changing needs of the community. The library needs to attract and retain talented staff, providing them with the necessary support and resources to deliver high-quality services and programs.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  • How do I become a member of the Bahrain National Library?

Membership is open to all Bahraini citizens and residents. To apply for membership, you can visit the library in person and provide the required documentation, including proof of identity and residency.

  • What are the library’s opening hours?

The library is open from Sunday to Thursday, from 8:00 am to 8:00 pm, and on Saturdays from 9:00 am to 2:00 pm.

  • Can I access the library’s resources online?

Yes, the library provides online access to its digital resources, including e-books, journals, and databases. You can access these resources using your library membership credentials.

  • Does the library offer printing and photocopying services?

Yes, the library offers printing and photocopying services at a nominal fee. However, there are certain restrictions on the copying of rare and valuable materials.

  • How can I donate to the library?

The library welcomes donations from individuals and organizations who wish to support its mission and programs. You can contact the library directly to discuss your donation and how it can be used to support the library’s work.


The Bahrain National Library, also known as the Shaikh Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa National Library, is a leading cultural and educational institution in Bahrain and the Gulf region. With its vast collection of resources, expert research assistance, and innovative programs and services, the library has made significant contributions to the development of Bahrain’s cultural, educational, and social sectors. However, the library also faces several challenges and opportunities, including the need for financial sustainability, technological advancements, human resource development, and the expansion of its services and collections. With ongoing support from the government and the community, the Bahrain National Library can continue to play a vital role in promoting education, culture, and innovation in Bahrain and the Gulf region.


  • “About the Library.” Bahrain National Library, Accessed 10 May 2023.
  • “Shaikh Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa National Library.” Bahrain Authority for Culture and Antiquities, Accessed 10 May 2023.
  • “Bahrain National Library.” Visit Bahrain, Accessed 10 May 2023.

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