Bahamas National Religion: Christianity

Christianity is the largest and the Bahamas National Religion. The country’s deep-rooted Christian heritage has been a vital part of its cultural and social fabric for centuries. In this article, we will delve into the history of Christianity in the Bahamas, its influence on the country’s customs and traditions, and its current state. We will also explore the reasons behind the dominance of Christianity as the national religion, and answer some common FAQs about this topic.

History of Bahamas National Religion

Christianity has been a part of the Bahamas since its discovery by the Spanish in the late 15th century. However, it was not until the arrival of the English in the mid-17th century that Christianity began to take hold. The Church of England, also known as Anglicanism, became the dominant religion among the English settlers, and its influence spread to the local population.

Denominations of Christianity in the Bahamas

The Bahamas has a diverse range of Christian denominations. The majority of the population identifies as Protestant, with Anglicanism being the largest denomination. Other prominent Protestant denominations include Baptist, Pentecostal, and Methodist. The Roman Catholic Church is also present in the Bahamas and has a significant number of adherents.


Anglicanism is the largest denomination in the Bahamas, with over a third of the population identifying as Anglican. The Church of England played a crucial role in the establishment of the Bahamas as a British colony. The first Anglican Church was built in 1670, and the Anglican Church has been the dominant religion ever since.


Baptist is the second-largest denomination in the Bahamas, with over a quarter of the population identifying as Baptist. Baptist churches in the Bahamas are known for their enthusiastic worship and vibrant music.

Roman Catholicism

Roman Catholicism is the third-largest denomination in the Bahamas, with over 10% of the population identifying as Catholic. The Roman Catholic Church has been present in the Bahamas since the 16th century.


Pentecostalism is a relatively new denomination in the Bahamas, but it has seen significant growth in recent years. Pentecostal churches in the Bahamas are known for their energetic worship and emphasis on the gifts of the Holy Spirit.


Methodism is a smaller denomination in the Bahamas, but it has a long history in the country. The first Methodist Church was established in the Bahamas in 1790.

Influence of Christianity on Bahamian Culture

Christianity has had a profound impact on Bahamian culture and society. Many of the country’s customs and traditions have Christian roots. Two of the most significant events in the Bahamian calendar are Christmas and Easter, which are both widely celebrated in the Bahamas. Christmas is a time of feasting and gift-giving, and many Bahamians attend church services on Christmas Eve or Christmas Day. Easter is celebrated with religious services and parades, as well as with traditional Bahamian dishes like hot cross buns and fish cakes.

Another significant cultural event in the Bahamas is the Junkanoo Festival, which takes place on Boxing Day (December 26th) and New Year’s Day. Junkanoo is a colorful street parade that features elaborate costumes, music, and dancing. The festival has its roots in West African traditions, but it has been adapted and modified over the years to incorporate Christian themes.

Current State of Bahamas National Religion

Despite the influence of other religions and the increasing secularization of society, Christianity remains the dominant religion in the Bahamas. According to a 2010 census, approximately 95% of the population identifies as Christian. The Anglican Church is still the largest denomination, followed by Baptist and Roman Catholic. Pentecostalism and Methodism are smaller but still significant denominations.

Reasons behind the Dominance of Bahamas National Religion

There are several factors that help to explain why Christianity has become the dominant religion in the Bahamas.

Colonialism and Slavery

One factor is the legacy of colonialism and slavery. The Bahamas was a British colony for over 300 years, and the Anglican Church played a central role in the colonial system. Slavery was also a significant part of the Bahamas’ history, and many enslaved Africans were forcibly converted to Christianity by their owners. As a result, Christianity became deeply embedded in the culture and society of the Bahamas.

Missionary Work

Another factor is the work of Christian missionaries. Missionaries from various denominations came to the Bahamas to spread the gospel and establish churches. They often worked with the local population and helped to provide education and healthcare. Many Bahamians were drawn to Christianity as a result of the positive impact that missionaries had on their communities.


  • Is Christianity the only religion in the Bahamas?

No, there are also small communities of Muslims, Jews, and Hindus in the Bahamas.

  • What role does Christianity play in Bahamian politics?

Christianity has a significant influence on Bahamian politics, with many politicians identifying as Christian and using religious language in their speeches and campaigns.

  • Are there any religious restrictions or taboos in the Bahamas?

There are no official religious restrictions or taboos in the Bahamas, but some conservative Christian denominations discourage certain activities like gambling and drinking alcohol.

  • How does the Bahamian government support Christianity?

The Bahamian government officially recognizes Christianity as the national religion and provides funding for some Christian schools and churches.

  • Are there any tensions between different Christian denominations in the Bahamas?

While there may be theological differences between different denominations, there are generally no major tensions or conflicts between them.


In conclusion, Christianity is the largest and official national religion of the Bahamas, with a diverse range of denominations represented. Christianity has had a significant influence on Bahamian culture and society, and it remains the dominant religion despite the increasing secularization of society. The legacy of colonialism and slavery, as well as the work of Christian missionaries, helps to explain the reasons behind the dominance of Christianity in the Bahamas.


  • “Bahamas Population and Housing Census 2010: Preliminary Report,” Department of Statistics, Ministry of Finance, The Bahamas.
  • “Religious Beliefs in The Bahamas,” WorldAtlas.
  • “Bahamas: Religious Landscape,” Pew Research Center.

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