Azerbaijan National Religion: Islam

Let’s talk about Azerbaijan National Religion. Azerbaijan is a country located in the South Caucasus region, bordering the Caspian Sea. It has a rich history and culture, with Islam being the dominant religion. In this article, we will explore the role of Islam in Azerbaijan’s history, society, and politics.

Historical Background of Azerbaijan National Religion

Islam was introduced to Azerbaijan in the 7th century, during the Arab conquest of Persia. The religion spread gradually and became the dominant faith by the 12th century. Azerbaijan was also the birthplace of several prominent Islamic scholars and philosophers, such as Nizami Ganjavi, who contributed to the development of Islamic thought and culture.

The Role of Islam in Azerbaijani Society

Islam has had a profound impact on Azerbaijani society and culture. It has influenced the architecture, literature, music, and cuisine of the country. The majority of Azerbaijanis are Muslims, with the Shia denomination being the most widely practiced. The practice of Islam in Azerbaijan is characterized by its tolerance and inclusivity, with various religious and ethnic groups coexisting peacefully.

The Relationship between Islam and Politics in Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan is a secular state, but Islam has played a significant role in the country’s politics. The Azerbaijani government has supported the construction of mosques, Islamic schools, and cultural centers. The country has also played a significant role in the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), a group of Muslim-majority countries that cooperate on political, economic, and cultural issues.

Islamic Festivals and Traditions in Azerbaijan

Islam has several festivals and traditions that are celebrated in Azerbaijan. These include Eid al-Fitr, the end of Ramadan, and Eid al-Adha, the feast of sacrifice. The month of Ramadan is also observed, during which Muslims fast from dawn to dusk.

Education and Azerbaijan National Religion

Azerbaijan has a rich tradition of Islamic education, with several Islamic schools and madrasas established throughout history. Today, the country has several Islamic universities and faculties that offer courses in Islamic studies, theology, and jurisprudence. The Azerbaijani government also provides scholarships to students who wish to study Islamic theology and related fields.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  • What is the dominant religion in Azerbaijan?

Islam is the dominant religion in Azerbaijan.

  • Which denomination of Islam is most widely practiced in Azerbaijan?

The Shia denomination is the most widely practiced in Azerbaijan.

  • Is Azerbaijan a secular or religious state?

Azerbaijan is a secular state.

  • What role does Islam play in Azerbaijani society and culture?

Islam has had a profound impact on Azerbaijani society and culture, influencing architecture, literature, music, and cuisine.

  • Does Azerbaijan support Islamic education?

Yes, Azerbaijan supports Islamic education through the establishment of Islamic universities, faculties, and scholarships.


Islam has played a significant role in the history, society, and politics of Azerbaijan. It has contributed to the country’s rich culture and traditions, and its practice is characterized by tolerance and inclusivity. Despite being a secular state, Azerbaijan has supported the development of Islamic education and culture, highlighting the importance of religion in the country’s identity.


  • Heyat, F. (2009). Azerbaijan: Ethnicity and the struggle for power in Iran. I. B. Tauris.
  • Yemelianova, G. (2009). Islam nationalism and state in the Muslim Caucasus: post-Soviet disorder. Routledge.
  • Mammadov, E. (2016). Islamic Education in Azerbaijan: Past and Present. Journal of Islamic Studies and Culture, 4(2), 60-70.

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