Exploring Burkina Faso National Animal

The white stallion, also known as the “Cheval Blanc,” is a breed of horse that is native to Burkina Faso and is also the Burkina Faso National Animal. It is a muscular, athletic animal that is predominantly white with dark eyes and skin. This breed is known for its intelligence, endurance, and agility, making it a popular choice for equestrian activities.

History of the White Stallion in Burkina Faso

The white stallion has been an essential part of Burkina Faso’s history and culture for centuries. In ancient times, these horses were used by the Mossi Kingdom’s warriors to battle against neighboring tribes. They were also used for transportation and agricultural purposes. Today, the white stallion remains a symbol of national pride, and its image is often featured on the country’s currency, stamps, and official documents.

Burkina Faso National Animal as a Cultural Icon

In addition to its historical significance, the white stallion holds a prominent place in Burkina Faso’s cultural traditions. The horse is often used in traditional ceremonies and festivals, such as the “Festival of the White Horse.” During this festival, hundreds of white stallions are decorated with colorful fabrics and paraded through the streets. The festival celebrates the horse’s strength and beauty and is a symbol of unity and community.

Characteristics of the Burkina Faso National Animal

Physical Characteristics

The white stallion is a muscular, athletic animal that stands between 15 and 16 hands tall and weighs between 500 and 600 kg. It has a sleek, muscular body with powerful legs and a long neck. The horse’s coat is predominantly white, although it may have some brown or black markings. The breed’s dark eyes and skin help to protect it from the harsh African sun.

Behavioral Characteristics

The white stallion is an intelligent, social animal that thrives in group settings. They are known for their endurance and agility, making them ideal for equestrian sports such as show jumping, dressage, and polo.

The Significance of the Burkina Faso National Animal

Traditional Practices

The white stallion remains an essential part of Burkina Faso’s traditional practices. The horse is used in marriage ceremonies, where it is often ridden by the groom to the bride’s home. The white stallion is also used in healing ceremonies, where its blood is believed to have curative properties.

Festivals and Celebrations

As mentioned earlier, the white stallion is an integral part of Burkina Faso’s festivals and celebrations. The “Festival of the White Horse” is one of the most significant events in the country, and it attracts thousands of visitors from around the world.

National and International Recognition

The white stallion is recognized as Burkina Faso’s national animal and is featured prominently in the country’s symbols, including its flag and coat of arms. The breed has also gained international recognition and is now bred in other countries around the world.

Conservation Efforts for the Burkina Faso National Animal

Threats to the White Stallion Population

The white stallion population in Burkina Faso is currently under threat due to habitat loss, hunting, and disease. The country’s government has recognized the need to protect this iconic animal and has implemented measures to ensure its survival.

Conservation Measures

The Burkina Faso government has implemented several measures to protect the white stallion. These measures include creating protected areas for the horses, enforcing hunting bans, and promoting sustainable breeding programs. The government has also partnered with conservation organizations and local communities to raise awareness of the white stallion’s importance and encourage sustainable practices.

In addition to government efforts, several organizations are working to conserve the white stallion. These include the African Wildlife Foundation and the Wildlife Conservation Society. These organizations are working with local communities to implement sustainable practices and protect the white stallion’s habitat.


In conclusion, the white stallion is an iconic animal that holds a significant place in Burkina Faso’s history, culture, and traditions. Its physical and behavioral characteristics make it a unique and valuable breed, and its image is featured prominently in the country’s symbols. However, the white stallion population is under threat, and it is essential to implement conservation measures to ensure its survival. By working together, we can protect this majestic animal and preserve Burkina Faso’s cultural heritage for future generations.


African Wildlife Foundation. (n.d.). Burkina Faso: African Wildlife Foundation. Retrieved from https://www.awf.org/country/burkina-faso

Burkina Faso. (2022, January 25). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved from https://www.britannica.com/place/Burkina-Faso

Wildlife Conservation Society. (n.d.). Burkina Faso: WCS.org. Retrieved from https://www.wcs.org/where-we-work/africa/burkina-faso

Leave a Comment