Australia National Tree: The Golden Wattle

Let’s talk about Australia National Tree. Australia, a country known for its rich biodiversity, is home to several unique plant species, including the Golden Wattle, the country’s official floral emblem and national tree. In this article, we’ll explore the history, cultural significance, and ecological importance of the Golden Wattle, along with tips for growing and caring for this iconic Australian tree.

The Golden Wattle (Acacia pycnantha) is a shrub or small tree that belongs to the pea family (Fabaceae). It is native to southeastern Australia and is widely distributed throughout the country, from coastal regions to the inland areas. The tree’s common name comes from its bright golden-yellow flowers, which bloom in early spring and cover the branches in a profusion of color.

History of the Australia National Tree

The Golden Wattle was officially proclaimed as Australia’s floral emblem on September 1, 1988, after an extensive public consultation process. The tree was chosen for its beauty, widespread distribution, and historical significance, as it had been used as a symbol of Australian identity since the late 19th century.

Cultural Significance of Australia National Tree

The Golden Wattle is deeply ingrained in Australian culture and has played an important role in the country’s history. The tree’s bright yellow flowers are often used to represent Australia, and they have been incorporated into the national coat of arms, the flag, and various emblems and logos.

The Golden Wattle has also been used in indigenous Australian culture for thousands of years, with the tree’s wood, bark, and gum being used for various medicinal, ceremonial, and practical purposes. The tree’s flowering period is also celebrated each year on September 1st, which is National Wattle Day in Australia.

Ecological Importance

The Golden Wattle is an important plant species in Australia’s unique ecosystem, providing habitat and food for a range of native wildlife, including insects, birds, and mammals. The tree’s nitrogen-fixing ability also helps to improve soil fertility, making it an important species for land restoration and rehabilitation.

Physical Characteristics

The Golden Wattle can grow up to 8 meters tall, but is typically smaller in cultivation. The tree has dark green, lance-shaped leaves that are around 10cm long, and produces clusters of bright yellow, spherical flowers that are around 1-2cm in diameter. The flowers are followed by flattened seed pods that are around 10cm long and contain small black seeds.

Growing and Caring for Golden Wattle Trees

Golden Wattle trees are relatively easy to grow and care for, and can thrive in a wide range of soil types and climatic conditions. Here are some tips for growing and caring for Golden Wattle trees:


Golden Wattle trees can be propagated from seeds or cuttings. Seeds should be scarified or soaked in hot water before planting to help improve germination rates. Cuttings should be taken in late summer or early autumn and can be rooted in a well-draining potting mix.

Pruning and Maintenance

Golden Wattle trees do not require regular pruning, but can be lightly pruned after flowering to maintain their shape and encourage bushier growth. The trees also benefit from a regular application of fertilizer in early spring.

Pest and Disease Control

Golden Wattle trees are relatively pest and disease-free, but can be affected by various fungal diseases, root rot, and Golden Wattle trees are relatively pest and disease-free, but can be affected by various fungal diseases, root rot, and borers. Regular monitoring and proper sanitation practices can help prevent these issues.

Harvesting and Uses

The Golden Wattle has various uses, including:

Ornamental: The tree’s bright yellow flowers and attractive foliage make it a popular choice for gardens and landscaping.

Timber: The wood of the Golden Wattle is hard and durable, and has been used for various applications, including furniture, tool handles, and fence posts.

Medicine: The bark and gum of the Golden Wattle have been used in traditional indigenous medicine for various purposes, including treating colds, fever, and wounds.


The Golden Wattle is a symbol of Australia’s unique flora and fauna, with cultural, historical, and ecological significance. Growing and caring for these trees is relatively easy, making them a great addition to any garden or landscape.


  • What is the scientific name of the Golden Wattle?

The scientific name of the Golden Wattle is Acacia pycnantha.

  • When is National Wattle Day celebrated in Australia?

National Wattle Day is celebrated on September 1st each year.

  • Can Golden Wattle trees be grown in pots?

Yes, Golden Wattle trees can be grown in pots, but they will require regular watering and fertilization.

  • Are Golden Wattle trees prone to pest and disease issues?

Golden Wattle trees are relatively pest and disease-free, but can be affected by various fungal diseases, root rot, and borers.

  • What are some uses of the Golden Wattle tree?

The Golden Wattle tree has various uses, including ornamental, timber, and medicinal purposes.


  • Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment. (2020). Acacia pycnantha – profile. Retrieved from
  • Australia’s National Wattle Day website. (2021). About wattle – Acacia pycnantha. Retrieved from
  • Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria. (n.d.). Acacia pycnantha. Retrieved from

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